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Type of Paper abstract
Title: Symptom management preferences of kidney transplant recipients and caregivers
Authors: Al Kaabi, N., Ahmed, T. Chowdhury, M., Dastgheib, M., O’Malley, P. Siddiqui, R., Chahal, S. , Macanovic, S. Edwards, B., Mucsi, I.
Year: 2021
Conference: American Society of Nephrology 2021
Full Abstract* Background: Kidney transplant (KT) recipients frequently experience physical, emotional, and social challenges. These are often undermanaged and can lead to impaired quality of life. Better understanding of the perspectives of KT recipients and their caregivers about their symptom experiences and management needs will improve post-transplant care for KT recipients. Methods: As part of a larger study aimed at developing a patient-centered electronic assessment toolkit, adult (≥18 years) KT recipients and caregivers of KT recipients were recruited for this study via flyers. Patients not fluent in English or cognitively impaired were excluded. Qualitative description was used to explore and understand participants’ post-transplant experiences and preferences. A semi-structured interview guide with open-ended questions was used to facilitate in-depth, individual interviews. Interviews were recorded and transcribed verbatim. Transcripts were analyzed via content analysis using deductive and inductive coding strategies. Codes and categories were developed and refined by the research team. Results: Seven KT recipients and one caregiver (age: 52-76 years, 8-20 years post-transplant, 5/8 male) participated. Participants identified significant challenges in physical (e.g. fatigue, sleep disturbances, weight or mobility issues); emotional (e.g. depression, anxiety); and social (e.g. financial challenges, self-care, social roles) domains. Participants considered fatigue as the most troublesome symptom. Furthermore, patients described the clustering of their post-transplant symptoms across domains. For example, fatigue overlapped with depression and the inability to perform self-care activities and maintain relationships. Participants also expressed that their post-transplant care centered on physical symptoms with little exploration and support of psychological and social issues. Finally, participants emphasized that a care plan integrating all aspects of health is needed to adequately support their needs. Conclusion: This analysis identified a range of patient-valued physical, emotional, and social concerns, with fatigue being the most troublesome symptom. These findings will inform the development of future interventions to improve patient-centered post-transplant care.
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